Very personal health
There are things that are sometimes difficult to discuss even with a doctor. In fact, every third woman is embarrassed to talk about some female intimate problems, so over time they can develop into a real catastrophe. But these problems can be solved.
A false sense of shame sometimes dooms us to suffering alone with the disease. But enough to arm yourself with information, and the enemy will be defeated!
IncontinenceYou laugh, sneeze, or experience physical exertion and, to your horror, feel a few drops seeping on your underwear ... About 30% of women aged 30 to 45 experience this trouble, and it is associated with a weakened pelvic floor muscle. Now Russian doctors have developed a revolutionary methodology for effective and safe treatment using special synthetic ribbons or nets that strengthen and support the pelvic floor. And as a prevention, women need to constantly train the muscles of the vagina. For this, there is a special complex of Kegel exercises (a full description is available on many sites). We advise you to do these exercises 10 to 25 times a day in the mornings while standing (for example, while you are brushing your teeth). And reduce your intake of spicy foods and caffeine.
Urinary tract infectionsAn active sexual life with a frequent change of partners is always a certain risk of contracting a bacterial infection. Bacteria primarily enter the genitourinary system and can cause various diseases. The most common symptoms are burning, itching, painful urination, and uncharacteristic discharge. Of course, there is a popular way of protection - condoms, especially those containing spermicides. But, although they protect against vaginal infections and unwanted pregnancy, it is they who increase the likelihood of infection by a urinary tract infection. Why? Spermicides irritate the vaginal flora, creating favorable conditions for the adaptation of certain bacteria. In order to avoid this problem, you need to urinate immediately after sexual intercourse. After that, it is recommended to wash yourself with a special antibacterial soap or intimate gel. In addition, doctors recommend drinking 2-3 cups of cranberry juice as a prophylaxis. Cranberry antioxidants help flush bacteria out of the bladder. If you experience severe discomfort, immediately consult a urologist.
Painful intercoursePain that occurs directly during intercourse can be caused by several reasons. For example, antihistamines can cause dryness and pain in the vagina, so if you are using them, consult your doctor about replacing the drug. Perhaps you do not have enough lubricant, there are special tools for this, only you need to buy them not in sex shops, but in pharmacies. If you have a reason to suspect infection of any infection, you should immediately consult a specialist. Sometimes the pain can disappear on its own. But it can become permanent, a considerable number of women suffer from this, but many of them are embarrassed to talk about this problem with a partner, and this eventually ends with a decrease in desire and, in extreme cases, fear and abandonment of sexual intercourse in women. Until you determine the cause, symptoms can appear more and more often, each time with renewed vigor. Therefore, first of all, you should check with a gynecologist. If on the physical side everything is in order, contact a sex therapist. Normally, sexual intercourse should not be painful. Maybe the reason is a lot of character? For example, are you telling your partner which poses you like and which not? It is possible that you only hurt in a certain position. Doctors recommend drinking cranberry juice as a preventive measure.
ThrushThrush occurs in women of absolutely all age groups. About 75% of the fairer sex of the planet at least once in their lives experienced itching in the vagina, pain when in contact with a sexual partner, or discomfort when urinating. And the culprit of such troubles is most often thrush - a disease caused by a fungus. The reason for its occurrence may be such things as constant lack of sleep, stress, the course of treatment with certain drugs, or even pregnancy. Never try to be treated independently and go to the doctor at the first manifestations. Most often, doctors are limited to prescribing special drugs, but in some cases there is a need for a comprehensive solution to the problem. Thrush is not always possible to accurately diagnose, so sometimes treatment does not bring results. In such cases, research is required in special laboratories.
Menstrual cycle failureMore than 40% of women, by their nature, are prone to constant malfunction of the menstrual cycle, which simply indicates the features of their constitution. In addition, menstruation disorders are possible due to hormonal imbalance in favor of male hormones - androgens. External signs of such an imbalance: excess weight, increased hairiness (especially on the face). By the way, this is the most common cause of infertility. For an accurate diagnosis, consult your doctor, undergo special tests (blood test, ultrasound, etc.). There are many drugs that normalize the cycle and level of androgens in the body. Maintaining a normal weight is very important, as body fat affects hormone production. Another reason that can cause a menstrual failure is thyroid disease. By the way, women older than 40 years, even in the absence of alarming symptoms, need to conduct an examination of the thyroid gland every five years as a prophylaxis of diseases.
EndometriosisAbout 1 out of 10 women have endometriosis. This disease is characterized by excessive proliferation of uterine tissue (endometrium) and is more common in women older than 27 years. Its main symptom is acute pain before the onset of menstruation. This disease can cause infertility, so it is best to undergo treatment with the first symptoms, in more severe cases, surgery is used to quickly and effectively fix the problem.
FibromasAfter 35 years, more than 40% of women show fibroids. These are small benign formations on the wall of the uterus and in the mucous membranes. Many women do not even suspect that they have something wrong, as a rule, fibroids are detected by ultrasound. Common symptoms are pain during intercourse, painful menstruation, frequent urination (due to the fact that fibroma sometimes presses on the wall of the bladder). Such formations are really dangerous only if they appear in the uterine cavity, as this can lead to infertility. Perhaps this is because fibromas change the shape of the uterus or secrete substances that counteract conception. Usually, when detected, women do not need special treatment, but if they provoke severe bleeding during menstruation, special medications are prescribed to restore normal hemoglobin levels and iron. In special cases, doctors recommend removing the fibroids surgically.
Pelvic prolapseThis phenomenon - the so-called prolapse - is common among women after 50 years. What's happening? With age, the muscles weaken, the bladder, having lost muscle support, gradually settles and begins to put pressure on the rectum and uterus, which may eventually lead to their partial loss. Risk factors are called obesity, late pregnancy, constant weight lifting and physical overload. Such a problem can lead to difficulties in the functioning of the kidneys and bladder, intestines. There are several methods of treatment: a simple correction - a bandage, and in more serious cases - plastic surgery. Now Russian doctors are successfully applying a new technique - the Prolift operation, which is the use of synthetic prostheses that support the pelvic organs during reconstructive pelvic surgery. As a result, the doctor reconstructs the pelvic floor of the patient almost completely. A special advantage of the method: such operations are easily portable and recovery takes only a few days. And then it all depends on your caution!
ClimaxMenopause can come up imperceptibly, after a long transition, which sometimes lasts up to 10 years. During this time, the level of female hormones - progesterone and estrogen - in the body gradually changes. Menopause usually occurs between the ages of 47 and 52, although there are cases of early menopause (at 35), in most cases this can be explained by the presence of heart or gynecological diseases. Meanwhile, menopause and menopause are not the same thing. The first is the natural period in the life of a woman, and the second is a complex of painful manifestations that provoke the development of diseases. So it is called "menopausal syndrome." If you are thrown into a fever, then into a cold, your mood is constantly changing, your heart rate is quickening, a cold sweat appears
Venereal diseasesThis unpleasant thing can happen at any age. But young women are much more likely to get sick, as they often change their sexual partners. The most common sexually transmitted diseases are gonorrhea (characterized by severe pain during urination, purulent discharge, itching and burning) and chlamydia (there are no specific symptoms, but may be accompanied by a burning sensation in the vagina and pain during urination). These infections are treated only with antibiotics. The most important thing is not to miss the time, even if you do not have any signs of the disease, the woman should be regularly observed by a gynecologist and take the necessary tests. Sexually transmitted diseases, if they are not detected in a timely manner and treatment is not started, ultimately lead to inflammation and chronic diseases of the genital organs. And this is one of the most common causes of infertility. Especially insidious fungal diseases that affect the genital mucosa. According to statistics, every second person becomes infected with a fungus in the most active sexual period of his life. For the time being, the fungus may not appear in any way; you may never know that it is infected. So at any age, regardless of sexual activity, it is recommended to pass a test for the presence of fungus.
VaginosisMost often, bacterial vaginosis is detected in women during pregnancy. The cause, as a rule, is inflammatory changes and the penetration of pathogenic bacteria into the vaginal flora. Symptoms are similar to those that occur with thrush. This disease is more susceptible to women aged 20-30 years. At the first symptoms, consult a doctor. If you do not treat vaginosis, it can develop into more serious diseases and complicate the course of pregnancy.
Ovarian cancerThis disease is especially common among women over fifty. But it can occur earlier, at the age of 40, and in very rare cases even at the age of 30! For a long time, doctors could not establish the first manifestations of the symptoms of ovarian cancer, but recently, the first signs of the disease were discovered in the course of research: paroxysmal pain in the lower abdomen, bloating, lack of appetite or too fast satiety, frequent urination. If these symptoms become regular within a few weeks, you need to see a doctor. The main thing - do not panic! The mere presence of such symptoms does not mean that you have ovarian cancer. You just need to be examined in order to, as doctors say, exclude this disease. Diagnosis includes a special analysis and an ultrasound scan. Treatment usually begins with ovarian removal and lymph node testing in order to determine the stage of cancer. This is a fairly rare disease, but if there are cases of cancer in the family, you should be checked more often, regardless of the presence or absence of warning signs. By the way, there is a much lower risk of ovarian cancer in women with at least one child and breastfeeding than in nulliparous women. Pregnancy itself protects the female body from many diseases.